Photographs of people taken in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India India is home to more than 1.4 billion people, according to the UN.
According to a U.N. report released on Monday, India is on track to surpass China as the world’s most populous nation next year.
According to a report from the population division of the U.N.’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs, in 2022 there will be over 1.4 billion people living in China and India, respectively.
According to the U.N., India will overtake China as the world’s most populous nation in 2023. According to the 2011 census conducted by the Indian government, there are more than 1.2 billion people living there.
According to the U.N. report, “the global human population will reach 8.0 billion in mid-November 2022 from an estimated 2.5 billion people in 1950.”
Looking further out, the U.N. reported that according to its most recent estimates, the world’s population could total 8.5 billion in 2030 and 10.4 billion by 2100.
The population of the world had a “average fertility” of 2.3 births per woman over the course of a lifetime, according to the U.N. last year.
In 1950, there were roughly 5 births per woman, according to the report from Monday. By 2050, it was predicted that there would be 2.1 births per woman worldwide.
The report from the U.N. was made public on World Population Day. The day is “an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognize our shared humanity, and marvel at advances in health that have extended lifespans and dramatically reduced maternal and child mortality rates,” according to a statement from U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
At the same time, Guterres said, “it is a moment to reflect on where we still fall short of our commitments to one another and a reminder of our shared responsibility to care for our planet.”
Read more on CNBC Pro’s energy page.
India will have a significant need for resources in the years to come due to its large population and robust economy. According to data from Refinitiv and industry sources cited by Reuters on Monday, the nation’s coal imports hit “a record high” in June.
The phase-out of coal, fossil fuel subsidies, and financial support for low-income countries presented challenges for the climate change agreement reached at the COP26 summit in November 2021.
India and China, two of the biggest coal consumers worldwide, insisted that the Glasgow Climate Pact’s language regarding fossil fuels be changed at the last minute from “phase out” to “phase down” of coal. Following initial protests, opposing nations eventually gave in.